What should be done before and after a dental extraction?

There are times when no choice but to extract a tooth ( tooth decay very advanced periodontal disease , infections, pieces that have not sprouted at all or are not the correct position). Whether it is a simple or more complicated surgery like the extraction of an impacted tooth, there are specific care that you must follow before and after the extraction so that the wound heals as soon as possible and avoid infections and unnecessary complications. Do you know what they are?

You have an appointment with the dental surgeon to extraverted wisdom teeth (wisdom teeth) … Or perhaps this is the tooth that has not run out of spring to your daughter and causes too much pressure on another of his teeth and must be removed. Whatever the case, there are specific instructions that you must follow to make dental surgery a success and do not result in wound infections or complications. Here are general recommendations, of course you should follow the advice given by your dentist or dental surgeon.

Preparations and care begin before surgery

In the case of adults, zero alcohol: avoid alcoholic beverages two days before the procedure and also after the operation, or during the course of treatment with antibiotics, if the dentist (the dentist) prescribes them.

Also avoid heavy meals the previous night and try to get enough sleep so that you wake up refreshed (or).

If the procedure requires a lot of anesthesia and / or sedation (as in the case of the extraction of the cordials), you cannot drive. Make arrangements for another person to take you and bring you to the dentist’s office.

The surgeon can tell you to take antibiotics before the procedure to prevent germs from the mouth enter the bloodstream during surgery. This is usually done if the patient has any conditions that make it difficult to fight infections such as: artificial or damaged heart valves, congenital heart defects, diabetes, weakened immune system (defense), patient takes steroid medication part of the treatment of asthma or Cohn’s disease, for example), or you have previously suffered bacterial endocarditis (infection of the lining of the heart).

If you are taking any prescription medication, especially if it is an anticoagulant (such as Coumadin or Warfarin), tell the program surgeon as this may interfere with clotting and healing. You may also need to temporarily stop taking over-the-counter (pain) pain medications that may affect the blood clotting process. Supplements such as gingko balboa and ginseng can also increase bleeding and it is better to stop taking them before surgery.

What to do after surgery

The priority is to control bleeding for that:

  • Bite pieces of gauze placed on the gum for at least half an hour. Keep in mind that it is normal for some blood to continue to flow for several hours. The bleeding should be reduced gradually. If the amount is not contained or increased, call the doctor.
  • Do not spit or drink liquid with a straw (straw, sorbet, and cigarette) to avoid causing more bleeding.
  • Avoid touching the wound with your tongue so your gums will not get irritated any more. Keep your head elevated, supported by pillows, or stay seated until bleeding is checked. It is better that you do not smoke, but if you are going to smoke, you must wait 24 hours after the operation.

To clean the mouth:

  • Do not rinse your mouth or brush your teeth until about 12 hours have passed. After that time, wash your teeth gently and rinse your mouth with warm salt water every 2 to 3 hours.
  • Brush your teeth gently, avoiding touching the affected gums.

Attention to rest and diet:

  • Try to sleep at least 8 hours at night and avoid intense activities until after 24 hours of extraction. Rest is vital to recovery.
  • Eat a mild diet (soups, yogurt or fruit juices, for example) and try to drink as much liquid as you can during the first 24 hours after the operation.
  • Avoid foods that are too hot and do not drink with a straw to avoid bleeding.

To relieve pain and discomfort:

  • Start taking analgesics before the effects of anesthesia are over.
  • Take the painkillers indicated by the dentist with food and water to avoid nausea.
  • Even if you take painkillers without a prescription, do not overdo the dose. Follow the instructions on the container and the doctor’s instructions.
  • It is normal for inflammation to occur and lasts for up to 4 to 6 days. To reduce it, apply ice to the area for the first 24 hours after extraction, but not more than 20 minutes at a time. If your doctor has prescribed anti-inflammatories, take them according to the instructions of the dentist or pharmacist.

Did they get you points?

  • Those that dissolve alone disappear after a little more than a week.
  • If the points are conventional, you should return to the dentist after a week (or when your dentist tells you to) to remove the points.

Call the dentist if you notice a fever, if the swelling increases on the third day after the operation, if the bleeding is not contained or if the pain is so severe that the pain medicines (pain medicines) you are told do not calm it.

With a few precautions, the discomfort of the extraction will gradually disappear and in a few days you will be able to resume your usual life.