Wisdom teeth are the last molars of the mouth. There are 4 and are located on each side of the jaws. They are the last teeth to emerge, or erupt, usually when the person is between 16 and 20 years.
Today we find that often the mouth does not have enough free space to accommodate them. When that happens, teeth are impacted (trapped by the molars that precede them or by the bone below the gum tissue), which often produces pain and swelling in the area.
Wisdom teeth partially emerge or come in crooked can also lead to painful crowding and damage to other teeth. Since teeth removed before age 20 have less developed roots and fewer complications, the ADA (American Dental Association) recommends that people between 16 and 19 consult your dentist for professional assess the need to remove your wisdom teeth before they cause problems.
How are wisdom teeth removed?
Tooth extraction is a routine procedure. Your dentist or oral surgeon specialist will recommend a general anesthetic or a local anesthetic to numb the area during the surgical procedure.
After extraction of the tooth (or teeth), your dentist will ask you to bite on a gauze pad for 30 to 45 minutes to stop the bleeding. Sometimes it is necessary to stitch the wound with some points that can be absorbable or not. Taking antibiotics and anti-inflammatories may also be required.
After removal there may be some pain and swelling that will disappear after a few days. You should call your dentist if you have prolonged or severe pain, swelling, bleeding or fever after extraction.
The extraction of wisdom teeth should not affect your bite or oral health future.