Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be removed and placed back in the mouth. While some people may take them some time to become accustomed to and never feel exactly like the denture itself, current prostheses have a very natural look and better tolerated than in the past.
There are two types: complete dentures and partial dentures. Your dentist will help you choose the type that is best for you based on the need to replace only a few teeth or all of them and the cost of treatment.
How do dentures work?
Complete dentures have a pink acrylic base that fits over the gums. The upper denture covers the palate (roof of the mouth), while the lower horseshoe shaped to clear the tongue.
Dentures are custom-made in a dental laboratory from impressions taken of your mouth that your dentist. Then, determine which of the three types described below is best for you.
- Conventional full denture
is placed in your mouth after the remaining teeth were extracted and associated tissues healed. Healing may take months and during that time you may have to take provisional prosthesis.
- Immediate complete denture
is placed immediately after removing teeth (Your dentist takes models and makes the teeth on a previous visit). While immediate dentures offer the advantage that the patient does not have to be without teeth, they must re-filled several months after they are placed. The reason is that the bone supporting the teeth reshapes as it heals and makes the prosthesis slack.
- Partial denture
is one that rests on a metal frame that attaches to your natural teeth. Sometimes the teeth crowns themselves are placed and serve to secure them to the prosthesis. Partial dentures are an alternative to bridges which are fixed, and have a lower cost than the latter.
How long does it take to get used to the prosthesis?
New dentures are uncomfortable during the first few weeks or months. Eating and speaking with dentures takes practice. It is not uncommon to feel the prosthesis as overly bulky or too loose. These sensations occur until the cheeks and tongue learn to hold the prosthesis in place. You will notice an excess of saliva flow, a feeling that the tongue does not have enough space and can present some irritation or pain. In case of irritation, consult your dentist.
How long does a dental prosthesis?
After a period necessary to complete or redo the denture base due to normal wear. Back to the beginning means tailor make a new base while keeping the teeth of the prosthesis. Also, as people age, the mouth also changes. These changes cause your dentures feel loose and chewing difficult and irritating your gums. Visit your dentist at least once a year to perform a check of your prosthesis.
Some suggestions for caring for your dentures:
- When handling your dentures, do so over a folded towel or a basin of water. Dentures are delicate and may break if dropped.
- Do not let it dry. When not using your prosthesis, place it on a specific solution or plain water cleaning. Never use hot water because it could alter its shape.
- Daily brushing of the prosthesis removed all food debris and plaque and helps to prevent staining.
- Brush your gums, tongue and palate every morning with soft-strands before inserting the prosthesis. Brushing stimulates circulation in your tissues and helps remove plaque.
- See your dentist if the prosthesis is broken, chip, and crack or become loose. Do not try to adjust it yourself, as this could damage it irreversibly.