What is a dental implant?
To replace a natural tooth lost another used the artificial dental implants. The new tooth consists of two pieces: one, the dental implant itself, which is inserted into the bone and out of sight, and another, the crown or dental prosthesis, which is attached to the dental implant and is the part of the Tooth that remains in sight.
Dental implants are manufactured with titanium, being a hard material and does not produce allergic reactions.
Procedure for placing a dental implant
Before placing dental implants are performed various tests in clinical to establish the best procedure. Thanks to the good work of expert dentists, dental implants only need – usually – local anesthesia. In case of very sensitive people, you can resort to conscious sedation to produce relaxation in the patient.
The most common procedure for the placement of dental implants is to divide the process into several stages.
First stage of dental implant
It involves inserting the dental implant in the hole left by the missing tooth below the gum, in an operation that can last about thirty minutes. It starts with an incision to access the bone and then creates the hole by milling in several phases, increasing the diameter and irrigating the area to reduce the heat to achieve the appropriate width.
After creating the hole, it proceeds to place the titanium dental implant by turning to stabilize the bone , a process that ends with a key. Next, a locking screw – which serves as protection – is placed with another key.
Finally, we proceed to clean and close the wound, and placing a sterile gauze, which will remain as long as there bleeding (replacing as many times as necessary). An antibiotic and an anti-inflammatory are usually prescribed, and it is recommended not to eat food (if you can drink liquid) within the next few hours or to brush the affected area. Analgesics can be taken or cold applied on the face to reduce inflammation, which may last two or three days (if it is more than four days, call the clinic if there is an infection, also if there is pain or nausea after this period).
Second stage of dental implant
It is called Osseo integration, a natural process that connects the bone to the implant surface and that is completed in a period of about three to six months normally.
Third stage of dental implant
It consists of the placement of the dental prosthesis or dental crown, after verification that the dental implant has been successfully integrated. First a fixing screw is placed and the dental implant is fixed on it, which will be selected according to aesthetic considerations.
Fourth stage of dental implant
The success rate with dental implants is over 90% in patients with proper oral hygiene and complications are few, and even less if properly prevent infections. In case the implant does not integrate properly it may be necessary to remove it to re-attempt, in time, a new placement.
The fourth stage is to keep dental implants in perfect state of preservation, just as it is with natural teeth, preventing the appearance of infections through proper care and regular visits to the dentist.