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Pregnancy and oral health

Pregnancy involves a number of organic and behavioral changes that may affect the oral cavity causing an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. So when the woman knows about her pregnancy, you should request a review visit your dentist will tell you if you have any pathology and perform preventive treatments needed.

Is it true that the pregnancy endangers the mother’s teeth?

Contrary to popular belief, the baby does not get the calcium from the teeth of his mother. When the baby needs calcium, you obtained through diet or bones of the mother, but never of their teeth.

Nor is it true the popular saying that “each pregnancy cost me a tooth”. If you are developing more cavities may be due to:

  • A neglect your oral hygiene with the consequent accumulation of plaque. The bacteria in plaque use sugar you eat to produce acids that attack the enamel of your teeth causing cavities.
  • Changing dietary habits and schedules. As your belly increase in size you begin to eat small amounts of food more often why then have full feeling. You should avoid eating sweet foods and / or sticky consistency (sweets, canned juices, soft drinks, pastries …)
  • Vomiting associated with pregnancy or reflux of stomach acid. Stomach acid causes erosion of tooth enamel making it more susceptible to decay.

Why hurt my gums?

The hormonal changes that accompany pregnancy favor the development of gingivitis.

Gingivitis is an inflammation and redness of the gums that can cause widespread pain in the mouth and an increased tendency to bleed. The gum problems often appear during the second month of pregnancy, usually in the eighth month highs and improve after delivery. If before pregnancy already you had gingival or periodontal disease problems likely to fester.

During the second quarter it may also receive a “pregnancy granuloma”. It is a bulky lesion located in the gums and bleed easily. Most shrink or disappear after delivery.

The hormonal changes of pregnancy cannot control but it is in your hand to remove other factors that cause gingivitis and are mainly: the plaque (must be cleaned every day teeth) and tartar (must make a clean mouth your dentist).

Do they represent any danger dental treatment or X-rays during pregnancy?

Pregnancy is not a disease so the pregnant woman can receive dental treatment you need. During the first quarter they are usually performed only emergency treatment, as it is during the first quarter when it will form the major structures, such as the central nervous system to the brain, heart and vascular system, etc…

The second quarter is usually the ideal for any dental treatment time, there being no problem in using local anesthesia to ensure analgesia during treatment. The dentist will use anesthetic drugs will not affect your baby.

Radiographic examination is an important diagnostic and monitoring some dental instrument. The beam of X-ray beams is not directed towards the abdomen and the amount of radiation that is produced it is small, so that dental X-rays may be performed during pregnancy as long as a lead apron covering the abdomen of pregnant put and protect to the baby.

In the last trimester of pregnancy can be annoying to sit in the dental chair for an extended period of time and is therefore seeking to avoid making long treatments, although there is no problem in practicing dental treatments. The dentist will see that the abdomen does not impede venous return of your legs.

It is not recommended the use of nitrous oxide during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy because it could stimulated the uterine muscles and favor the occurrence of spontaneous abortions during the first trimester, and the onset of contractions at risk of preterm birth, during the third. If there is a history of preterm birth dental treatment should be avoided during recent months.

 When started teething my child?

The eruption of the “baby teeth” or ” primary teeth” usually starts at six months ending approximately two and a half years, although it is completely normal for a child 9-12 months still have not gone any tooth. When the tooth is ready to erupt often inflamed gums. The baby may be irritable and restless.

 I get just stop mourn when I give the pacifier with honey

As in adults sugars are metabolized by bacteria in plaque produce acids that attack the tooth enamel of your child.

Nor should you give with a bottle sugary or acidic (milk sugar, canned juices, sugar or honey water …) and much less drinks before bedtime because your child may develop “baby bottle tooth decay” that destroy your teeth.

 When should I start cleaning my child’s teeth?

When the first teeth erupt you can clean them with the help of gauze. Once the molars erupt you can start using a toothbrush suitable to their age.

Brushing requires some skill so the early years should help your child to clean their teeth. Towards 5-6 years the child has already acquired sufficient skill to perform it only brushing but should keep watching him, and helping if necessary, especially in the night brushing.

The teeth should be cleaned after every meal and before bedtime. From three years of age you can begin using toothpaste in small amount (the size of a pea). There are children’s toothpaste for children under 6 years and older; uses appropriate to their age.

 I have always suffered from tooth decay will my child have the same problem as me?

The appearance of caries is associated with several factors: diet rich in sugars, poor oral hygiene, the type of bacteria present in the mouth and the susceptibility of the person. Now you know how and when you should start cleaning your child’s teeth and should avoid giving foods.

There’s something else you can do to prevent your child from suffering decay in the future. The teeth when they erupt, they do “clean” of bacteria. The first bacteria that reach the tooth surface colonize and remain there throughout life. If you’re a person prone to cavities have a cariogenic bacteria. The bacteria are transmitted by saliva, and so frequent gestures like clean pacifier your child sucking you, try a bottle to see if it is hot, try the food with the same spoon for your child or give kisses on the lips will favor that your decay-producing bacteria from reaching your child’s teeth.