Dental diseases

What is bacterial plaque?

The plaque is formed by the increase of colonies of bacteria that tend to be fixed in the superficial imperfections of the teeth (premolars and molars), growing by superposition and with the help of the saliva that serves as adhesion.

 What is tartar or tartar?

The second step of bacterial plaque buildup consists of the appearance of mineralization centers, forming hard deposits that are known as tartar or tartar. That is, the plaque previously formed hardens with the calcium found in saliva and No longer comes with a simple tooth brushing.

What are cavities?

The bacterial plaque produces strongly corrosive acids that attack the dental enamel, giving rise to dental caries (local disease that attacks the hard substance of the tooth: enamel) .If not detected in time and made the corresponding restoration, it begins To attack the dentin, which is the other tissue that lies beneath the enamel, and the patient begins to have painful symptoms, and may end up in a root canal.

What is gingivitis and periodontal disease?

The combined development of plaque and tartar cause an inflammation of the gums called gingivitis. Untreated gingivitis will result in periodontal disease, in which the tissues that support the denture (bone and fibrous tissue) are involved and destroyed Periodontal), and it is possible to generate a mobility of the dental pieces, besides halitosis, and sensitivity to have the neck of the tooth uncovered.

What is dental hypersensitivity?

It is a pathology that presents with pains in the teeth, mainly when they are consumed foods or liquids cold and hot, sweet or acidic and even during the dental brushing.

It can cause excessive brushing, or the use of a hard brush to sanitize, or it also causes severe bruxism that causes detachment of the enamel by the intense forces that are generated when tightening or grinding the teeth.

What is halitosis?

Halitosis is a symptom or sign characterized by bad breath or unpleasant odor from the oral cavity. More than 50% of people suffer from it. Almost everyone has halitosis on waking in the morning, after several hours of nocturnal sleep, when the structures of the mouth have been at rest and the production of saliva has been very scarce. Etiology of halitosis.

The causes of halitosis can be multiple , from poor oral hygiene, to such serious diseases such as lung cancer .The bad mouth odor is caused by bacterial decomposition of food debris between the teeth, saliva, cells oral mucosa or blood, which produces volatile substances such as simple fatty acids and components derived from proteins. Due to this production of substances, more than 90% of halitosis originate in the oral cavity and when there is no pathology, it is usually due to poor oral hygiene.