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Dental diseases

What is bacterial plaque? The plaque is formed by the increase of colonies of bacteria that tend to be fixed in the superficial imperfections of the teeth (premolars and molars), growing by superposition and with the help of the saliva that serves as adhesion. ¬†What is tartar or tartar? The second step of bacterial plaque buildup consists of the appearance of mineralization centers, forming hard deposits that are known as tartar or tartar. That is, the plaque previously formed hardens with the calcium found in saliva and No longer comes with a simple tooth brushing. What are cavities? The bacterial plaque produces strongly corrosive acids that attack the dental enamel, giving rise to dental caries (local disease that attacks the hard substance of the tooth: enamel) .If not detected in time and made the corresponding restoration, it begins To attack the dentin, which is the other tissue that lies beneath…

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Dental implant

There are few patients who observe the deadlines requires the collation of implant, and want to find a way to reduce the time of this general treatment . En 3 or 4 months from the date of tooth extraction. Thus, many come to consider the possibility of using immediate dental implants. For this reason, here we will try to solve the main questions surrounding these prostheses. What is an immediate dental implant? Immediate dental implants, also known as dental implants of immediate loading are those that are placed at the time of tooth extraction. With this speed, the patient sees reduced significantly the time required final placement of the implants. When can an immediate dental implant be used? To carry out the placement of the dental implants of immediate load is used the hole left by the root of the extracted tooth, place where the dental implant of immediate load…

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What foods are worse for your oral health

Good eating habits play a key role in the achievement and maintenance of good oral health. There are some foods if not consumed in moderation can wear down tooth enamel and promote tooth decay and sensitivity causing serious tooth decay. Regular consumption of acidic foods and drinks, such as sodas, citrus fruits, orange juice, among others, generate acidity in the mouth which in turn demineralized tooth enamel. Try to consume in moderate amounts and accompany them with meals, and eat when there is increased production of saliva which helps neutralize acids. It is advisable to follow a routine oral care once consumed these foods and protecting the tooth enamel. In some cases it is not advisable to brush immediately after drinking certain beverages such as wine, tea and coffee. While these drinks stain teeth, brushing is not recommended after ingestion because its acidity is very high and the contact weaken…

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What causes tooth sensitivity?

What is it? Tooth sensitivity affects many people. It often occurs from eating or drinking something hot, cold, sweet or sour. Under normal conditions, that is in the dentin inside the tooth (the layer surrounding the nerve) is covered on the top (crown) for the glaze and the gums surrounding the teeth. Eventually, the glaze can be losing thickness, causing less protects the tooth. Also gums may pull over time, exposing the dentin of the root surface previously covered. Dentine contains a large number of pores or tubules which are from outside of the tooth to the nerve center. When the dentin is exposed, these tubules are stimulated by temperature changes or by certain foods. What causes it? Dentin exposure may be due to several factors. Some of the most common are: The withdrawal of the gums due to age or improper brushing technique Acidic beverages (such as soda) that…

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What are wisdom teeth

Wisdom teeth are the last molars of the mouth. There are 4 and are located on each side of the jaws. They are the last teeth to emerge, or erupt, usually when the person is between 16 and 20 years. Today we find that often the mouth does not have enough free space to accommodate them. When that happens, teeth are impacted (trapped by the molars that precede them or by the bone below the gum tissue), which often produces pain and swelling in the area. Wisdom teeth partially emerge or come in crooked can also lead to painful crowding and damage to other teeth. Since teeth removed before age 20 have less developed roots and fewer complications, the ADA (American Dental Association) recommends that people between 16 and 19 consult your dentist for professional assess the need to remove your wisdom teeth before they cause problems. How are wisdom…

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What are sores and ulcers in the mouth

What are irritations and oral lesions? Irritations and oral lesions are swellings, spots or sores in the mouth, lips or tongue. While there are many types of mouth sores and disorders, among the most common are canker sores, cold sores, leukoplakia and candidiasis. These are discussed below. If you have a sore in the mouth, is not alone: nearly a third of all people are affected at some time. However, sores, irritations and oral lesions are painful, unsightly and can interfere with eating and speaking. Any mouth sore that persists for a week or more should be examined by a dentist. May recommend a biopsy (removal of tissue for analysis), can usually determine the cause and rule out serious illnesses. How do I know if I have a sore or oral lesion? The following signs may indicate a mouth sore or oral lesion: Canker sores are small white erosions or…

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What are removable dentures?

Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be removed and placed back in the mouth. While some people may take them some time to become accustomed to and never feel exactly like the denture itself, current prostheses have a very natural look and better tolerated than in the past. There are two types: complete dentures and partial dentures. Your dentist will help you choose the type that is best for you based on the need to replace only a few teeth or all of them and the cost of treatment. How do dentures work? Complete dentures have a pink acrylic base that fits over the gums. The upper denture covers the palate (roof of the mouth), while the lower horseshoe shaped to clear the tongue. Dentures are custom-made in a dental laboratory from impressions taken of your mouth that your dentist. Then, determine which of the three types described…

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What are protective mouth guards or sports?

Mouth guards are devices worn over the teeth to protect them from blows to the head and face. Mouth guards are an important part of sports equipment for any participant in a sport involving physical contact and falls. This includes football, basketball, handball, hockey, skating, gymnastics, mountain activities, etc. the result may be hurting the mouth. Mouth guards are generally designed to protect against tooth fractures, cuts lip or other damage in the mouth. If you are using braces or other dental hardware (such as a bridge) in the jaw, the dentist may suggest a mouth protector for these teeth. What are the different types of mouth guards? No matter what type of point guard, but must be flexible, durable and comfortable to use It should also fit properly and not restrict speech or breathing. The types of mouth guards are: Case to fit: they design and make in the…

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What are dental implants?

Implants are metallic elements that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gums. Once implanted in the selected place, the dentist can place on them crowns or fixed bridges to replace missing teeth. How dental implants work? Because implants fuse with the jawbone, integration is providing a stable support for artificial teeth. Dentures and bridges mounted to implants will not slip or shift in your mouth, which is particularly important for chewing and speech advantage. This adaptation helps the dentures and bridges (as well as individual crowns placed over implants) is more natural than conventional feel. For some people, ordinary dentures are uncomfortable due to sore spots, poor ridges or gagging. In addition, ordinary bridges must be attached to the teeth on either side of the empty space. An advantage of implants is that no adjacent teeth need to hold a replacement tooth. To receive implants, you need to…

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What are crowns and bridges?

Crowns and most bridges are prosthetic devices fixedly. Unlike dentures, which can be removed and clean daily, crowns and bridges are cemented onto existing teeth or implants, and only a dentist can remove them. How do crowns work? A crown is used to entirely cover a damaged tooth. Also can be used to improve the appearance, shape or alignment of the tooth. A crown can also be placed on an implant to achieve the shape and functional structure of a tooth. It is possible to match the color of porcelain crowns or ceramic with their natural teeth. Other materials include gold and metal, acrylic and ceramic alloys. These alloys are generally stronger than porcelain and may be recommended for back teeth. Sometimes used usually Porcelain bonded to the outer face of a metal ring, providing ASII strong and aesthetically pleasing restoration. The dentist may recommend a crown to: Replace a…